Menu di navigazione

Guida alla Val di Fassa


Meadows and biodiversity

No other rural crop plays such an important environmental function as mountain meadows and pastures. The thick, well developed roots in the fields keep the hydrological cycle efficient, protect the soil from erosion and have a key role in the conservation of biodiversity. In fact, there are many plant species, some rare, that grow only in the open spaces of the grasslands and are propagated by mowing.

In the Fassa valley the meadows and pastures constitute more than one third of the cultivated land (the rest is woodland) and correspond to the entire area used for agriculture. They are without doubt the essential component of the Fassa cultural landscape: they occupy every available surface on slopes that are almost impracticable and they guarantee the safekeeping of the territory at the highest altitudes. The image of the extended cultivated fields - today hay meadows - which link to form a single, iridescent green ribbon is an identifying symbol of Fassa and, according to some scholars, is the origin of the name of the valley: 'Fassa' by fascia = ‘band, field of elongated shape'.